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 Dia de Los Muertos

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 1:37 pm

Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico and around the world in many cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. It is particularly celebrated in Mexico, where it attains the quality of a National Holiday, and all banks are closed. The celebration takes place on November 12, in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints' Day (November 1) and All Souls' Day (November 2). Traditions connected with the holiday include building private altars honoring the deceased using sugar skulls, marigolds, and the favorite foods and beverages of the departed and visiting graves with these as gifts.

Mexican Cempasúchitl (Marygold), is the traditional flower used to honor the dead.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 1:52 pm

Scholars trace the origins of the modern Mexican holiday to indigenous observances dating back hundreds of years and to an Aztec festival dedicated to a goddess called Mictecacihuatl. Her role is to keep watch over the bones of the dead. In Aztec mythology, Mictecacihuatl (pronounced 'Meek-teka-see-wahdl' or 'Meek-teka-kee-wadl') is Queen of Mictlan, the underworld, ruling over the afterlife with Mictlantecuhtli, another deity who is designated as her husband. She presided over the ancient festivals of the dead, which evolved from Aztec traditions into the modern Day of the Dead after synthesis with Spanish cultural traditions.
The holiday has spread throughout the world: In Brazil, Dia de Finados is a public holiday that many Brazilians celebrate by visiting cemeteries and churches. In Spain, there are festivals and parades, and, at the end of the day, people gather at cemeteries and pray for their dead loved ones. Similar observances occur elsewhere in Europe, and similarly themed celebrations appear in many Asian and African cultures.

Families tidying and decorating graves at a cemetery in Almoloya del Río in the State of Mexico.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:02 pm

The Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico can be traced back to the indigenous cultures. Rituals celebrating the deaths of ancestors have been observed by these civilizations perhaps for as long as 2,5003,000 years. In the pre-Hispanic era, it was common to keep skulls as trophies and display them during the rituals to symbolize death and rebirth.
The festival that became the modern Day of the Dead fell in the ninth month of the Aztec calendar, about the beginning of August, and was celebrated for an entire month. The festivities were dedicated to the god known as the "Lady of the Dead", corresponding to the modern Catrina.

Catrinas, one of the most popular figures of the Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico.
In most regions of Mexico, November 1 honors children and infants, whereas deceased adults are honored on November 2. This is indicated by generally referring to November 1 mainly as Día de los Inocentes ("Day of the Innocents") but also as Día de los Angelitos ("Day of the Little Angels") and November 2 as Día de los Muertos or Día de los Difuntos ("Day of the Dead").

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:04 pm


A traditional Mexican "Catrina," dressed as a "Tehuana," from Mexico's southern Oaxaca state,
walks at Mexico's National Autonomous University during Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico City, on Oct. 29, 2011.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:28 pm


Day of the Dead ofrenda.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:38 pm

Ofendas are an essential part of the Day of the Dead celebrations. The word ofrenda means offering in Spanish. They are also called altares or altars, but they are not for worshiping. Some people mistakenly think that Mexicans that set up altars for their defunct relatives are actually worshiping them. Ofrendas are set up to remember and honor the memory of their ancestors. Before setting an altar, they thoroughly clean their house. We must remember they are going to have very important "visitors".
The ofrenda is set on a table, covered with a fine tablecloth, preferably white. Then the papel picado, cut tissue paper, is set over the cloth.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:42 pm


For each deceased relative a candle is set. Their light is thought to guide them on their way back.
The light of the candles, also called ceras -waxes- symbolize Jesus Christ Reborn and faith.
Incense, Copal, is burned and thought to elevate prayers to God.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 03, 2011 2:45 pm


Sugar skulls and clacas -skeletons are also included.
In many towns, there are contests of ofrendas. Judges go house by house and elect the three most beautiful altars. Ofrendas are works of art, ephemeral art that is!


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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 10:36 am


Dia de Los Muertos at Hollywood Forever Cemetery, 2007

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 10:41 am


2009

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 10:49 am


2010

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 10:53 am


2010

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 10:56 am


2008

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 11:03 am


2010

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 11:07 am


2007

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 11:12 am


Uploaded October 23, 2011

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 11:24 am


Uploaded October 6, 2009

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 11:31 am


2010

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 7:58 pm


Hilary Duff, October 26, 2012

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 8:08 pm


Maria Menounos and Australian TV presenter Renee Bargh

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Sun Oct 28, 2012 8:35 pm


Designer Christian Siriano on October 27, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 01, 2012 11:11 am


Santiago, CHILE, October 31, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 01, 2012 11:33 am


A skull rests in a wooden crate, lined with a newly embroidered cloth, after being cleaned by relatives in the village of Pomuch, in Mexico's Yucatan peninsula October 31, 2012.
In a tradition dating back centuries, Maya Indians in Pomuch exhume their dead after three years in the grave and transfer their dried bones and skulls, often with hair attached, to wooden crates on permanent display in open funeral niches.

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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Thu Nov 01, 2012 6:33 pm


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PostSubject: Re: Dia de Los Muertos    Fri Nov 16, 2012 6:24 pm


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