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 Mayan culture

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 8:37 pm

The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Initially established during the Pre-Classic period (c. 2000 BC to AD 250), according to the Mesoamerican chronology, many Maya cities reached their highest state of development during the Classic period (c. AD 250 to 900), and continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 8:42 pm

The Maya people constitute a diverse range of the Native American people of southern Mexico and northern Central America. The overarching term "Maya" is a collective designation to include the peoples of the region who share some degree of cultural and linguistic heritage; however, the term embraces many distinct populations, societies, and ethnic groups, who each have their own particular traditions, cultures, and historical identity.
There are an estimated 7 million Maya living in this area at the start of the 21st century. Maya of Guatemala, southern Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, El Salvador, and western Honduras have managed to maintain substantial remnants of their ancient cultural heritage. Some are quite integrated into the majority hispanicized Mestizo cultures of the nations in which they reside, while others continue a more traditional culturally distinct life, often speaking one of the Maya languages as a primary language.
The largest populations of contemporary Maya inhabit Guatemala, Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador, as well as large segments of population within the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, and Chiapas.

People look at the pyramid of Chichen Itza in the southern Mexican state of Yucatan March 21, 2012.
Hundreds of Mexicans and tourists gathered at Chichen Itza to welcome spring at the Mayan pyramid El Castillo (The Castle), a temple to Kukulkan, the feathered serpent and Mayan snake deity.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 8:51 pm

Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán.
Chichen Itza was a major focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic (c.600–900 AD) through the Terminal Classic (c.800–900) and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period (c.900–1200). The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of the Puuc and Chenes styles of the northern Maya lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.

Mayan gather in front of the Kukulkan Pyramid in Chichen Itza, Mexico, Thursday, Dec. 20, 2012.
A Mexican Indian seer who calls himself Ac Tah, and who has traveled around Mexico erecting small pyramids he calls "neurological circuits," said he holds high hopes for Dec. 21. "We are preparing ourselves to receive a huge magnetic field straight from the center of the galaxy," he said.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:00 pm

Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans, referred to in later Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.
Dominating the North Platform of Chichen Itza is the Temple of Kukulkan (a Maya feathered serpent deity similar to the Aztec Quetzalcoatl), usually referred to as El Castillo ("the castle"). This step pyramid stands about 30 metres (98 ft) high and consists of a series of nine square terraces.

The serpent effect demonstrated during the night show with artificial lighting.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:05 pm

On the Spring and Autumn equinoxes, in the late afternoon, the northwest corner of the pyramid casts a series of triangular shadows against the western balustrade on the north side that evokes the appearance of a serpent wriggling down the staircase. Some have suggested the effect was an intentional design by the Maya builders to represent the feathered-serpent god Kukulcan. Archaeologists have found no evidence to support such an assertion.

The serpent effect observed during the 2009 spring equinox.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:07 pm


Mayan dancers perform in front of the Kukulkan Pyramid in Chichen Itza, Mexico, Thursday, Dec. 20, 2012.
American seer Star Johnsen-Moser led a whooping, dancing, drum-beating ceremony Thursday in the heart of Mayan territory to consult several of the life-sized crystal skulls, which adherents claim were passed down by the ancient Maya.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:09 pm


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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:17 pm


A woman burns incense and walks past a child during the pre-Hispanic mass of "Segunda Conexion" (Second Connection) to commemorate the 13th bak'tun, an epoch lasting roughly 400 years, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.
On December 21, an era closes in the Maya Long Count calendar, an event that has been likened by different groups to the end of days, the start of a new, more spiritual age or a good reason to hang out at old Maya temples across Mexico and Central America. The Chi Ixim church is a sacred Mayan site.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:30 pm


Mayan priest Carlos Tun blows a conch shell horn during the pre-Hispanic mass of "Segunda Conexion"
(Second Connection) to commemorate the 13th bak'tun, an epoch lasting roughly 400 years,
outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:37 pm


A woman burns candles in the sacred fire during the pre-Hispanic mass of "Segunda Conexion"
(Second Connection) to commemorate the 13th bak'tun, an epoch lasting roughly 400 years,
outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 9:48 pm


A woman is "cleansed" with candles next to a sacred fire during the pre-Hispanic mass of "Segunda Conexion"
(Second Connection) to commemorate the 13th bak'tun, an epoch lasting roughly 400 years,
outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 10:15 pm


Peruvian shamans perform a ritual at a beach to prevent the end of the world, in Lima December 20, 2012.
Shamans performed several rituals to calm believers and ward off the end of the world predictions. At sunrise on Friday, an era closes in the Maya Long Count calendar, an event that has been likened by different groups to the end of days, the start of a new, more spiritual age.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 10:17 pm


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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 10:20 pm


Bolivian indigenous people are pictured on Sun island in Lake Titicaca, some 160 km (99 miles) northwest
of La Paz December 20, 2012.
Hundreds of people come to the island to be part of celebrations to commemorate the end of the Mayan Calendar on December 21, which some believe to be the end of the world, and what indigenous Bolivians regard as the change of an era.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 10:28 pm


A man prays and participates in the pre-Hispanic mass of "Primera Conexion" and
"Sincronizacion Espiritual" (First Connection and Spiritual Synchronization), to commemorate
the 13th Baktun, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 10:46 pm


Carlos Tun, a Mayan priest, prays and participates in the pre-Hispanic mass of "Primera Conexion"
and "Sincronizacion Espiritual" (First Connection and Spiritual Synchronization), to commemorate
the 13th Baktun, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 11:03 pm


Carlos Tun, a Mayan priest, prays and participates in the pre-Hispanic mass of "Primera Conexion"
and "Sincronizacion Espiritual" (First Connection and Spiritual Synchronization), to commemorate
the 13th Baktun, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 11:13 pm


Mayan priests kiss the floor during the pre-Hispanic mass of "Primera Conexion" and
"Sincronizacion Espiritual" (First Connection and Spiritual Synchronization), to commemorate
the 13th Baktun, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region, December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 11:15 pm


Indigenous people stand around the sacred fire during the mass of "Primera Conexion" and
"Sincronizacion Espiritual" (First Connection and Spiritual Synchronization), to commemorate
the 13th Baktun, outside the Chi Ixim church in Tactic, Alta Verapaz region December 20, 2012.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 11:39 pm


Mayan women gather before an event celebrating International Women's Day in Guatemala City March 8, 2010.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sat Dec 22, 2012 11:58 pm


An indigenous woman takes part in a Mayan ceremony outside Guatemala City December 29, 2006.
Friday marks the 10th anniversary of the signing of the peace accords, ending the 36-year civil war that claimed the lives of some 250,000 mostly indigenous Guatemalans.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sun Dec 23, 2012 12:05 am


Indigenous Mayan children prepare for a memorial service in honor of Father Stanley Rother in the small town of Santiago Atitlan, Guatemala July 28, 2006.
Rother was an Oaklahoman priest killed 25 years ago on July 28 for his work with the poor during Guatemala's brutal civil war.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sun Dec 23, 2012 2:24 pm


The Maya temple of Kukulkan, the feathered serpent and Mayan snake deity, is seen at the archaeological site of Chichen Itza, in the southern Mexican state of Yucatan.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sun Dec 23, 2012 2:26 pm


Visitors tour the archaeological site of the Maya civilization of Copan.

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PostSubject: Re: Mayan culture   Sun Dec 23, 2012 2:27 pm


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