Sovyatnik - The Owl's Nest

Your Online Nestle
 
HomeHome    GalleryGallery  FAQFAQ  SearchSearch  RegisterRegister  MemberlistMemberlist  UsergroupsUsergroups  Log inLog in  
Share | 
 

 Learning Russian

View previous topic View next topic Go down 
Go to page : 1, 2  Next
AuthorMessage
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Learning Russian   Fri May 16, 2008 9:42 pm

Noun Gender

There are three genders in Russian: masculine, feminine and neuter. You can usually determine the gender of a noun by its ending. Here are some basic rules, though exceptions exist:

Masculine:

WordEnding
домin a consonant
чайin
У меня есть дом. - I have a house.
Я пью чай. - I'm drinking tea.
Feminine:

WordEnding
машинаin -a
семья in
У меня есть машина - I have a car.
У меня есть семья - I have a family.
Neuter:

WordEnding
письмo in -o
платьe in -e
Я получил письмо. - I've got a letter.
У моей жены есть платье. - My wife has a dress.

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Fri May 16, 2008 11:04 pm

Number

English plurals end in -s. In Russian, there are more endings to make plurals. They are all summed up in the table:

Noun typeEnding for plural
Example
masculine ending in a hard consonantстол - столы
any nouns ending in , , двeрь - двери
masculine and feminine ending in -k, , -x, , , , ,нога - ноги
neuter ending in -o-aокно - окнa
neuter ending in -eмoре - моря
В комнате есть стол. - There is a table in a room.
В офисе стоят столы. - There are tables in an office.

В комнате есть дверь. - There is a door in a room.
Они открыли все двери. - They opened all the doors.
Одна нога. - One leg.
Две ноги. - Two legs.
В комнате есть окно. - There is a window in a room.
Они открыли все окнa. - They opened all the windows.
Я люблю море. - I love a sea.
Он знает все моря. - He knows all the seas.

Some nouns are always singular. These are nouns that designate substances (oxygen, copper), products (cheese, fish), a block of objects (furniture), some actions (hunting, clearing up), feelings (love, health), some vegetables and berries (potato, carrots).
You will have to know the genders and plurals, because they influence the use of adjectives and pronounces.

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Fri May 16, 2008 11:20 pm

savyonok, let us know what nouns and verbs you know and we start sentence formation with them...Wink
You can also tell us genders of nouns you know...Razz pirat

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
savyonok
Elder
Elder


Number of posts: 1841
Age: 39
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sat May 17, 2008 3:26 am

Okay, few queries..

есть - to be..right?

Are these sentences correct?
меня машина есть тюда.
ета меня семья.

Here are few nouns:
года - (year, fem.)
погода - (weather, fem.)
город - (city, mas.)
кино - (movie, neu.)
картошка - (potato, fem.)
кюрица - (chicken, fem.)
ромидор - (tomato, mas.)
малина - (raspberry, fem.)
неба - (sky, fem.)
бремья - (time, fem.)

Some verbs:
чнтает (read)
гобарят (speak)
гюлает (make a trip, stroll)
скажьят (tell)
пюбнт (love)

Please correct the spellings and meanings. I am having a hard time finding the letters on the keyboard Razz
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sat May 17, 2008 4:34 am

savyonok wrote:
Okay, few queries..
есть - to be..right?
About есть - very useful word!!!
1. to eat - Я хочу есть. - I want to eat.
2. to have - У меня есть дом. - I have a house. У меня есть машина - I have a car.

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sat May 17, 2008 4:42 am

savyonok wrote:
Are these sentences correct?
меня машина есть тюда.
ета меня семья.
меня машина есть тюда - no, you cannot say like that...you can say: У меня есть машина - I have a car.
what is тюда??? there is no word like that...tell me what you meant...Wink
ета меня семья the correct one: Это моя семья. - this is my family.

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sat May 17, 2008 4:55 am

savyonok wrote:
Here are few nouns:
года - (year, fem.)
кюрица - (chicken, fem.)
ромидор - (tomato, mas.)
неба - (sky, fem.)
бремья - (time, fem.)
1. год - so it's gonna be a different gender...Wink
2. кyрица - correct spelling
3. помидор - u just used English p...hihi
4. небo - so it's gonna be a different gender now...Razz
5. время - correct spelling

бремя - there is a word like that...it means burden...Smile

All other nouns are correct...pirat Cool

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sat May 17, 2008 5:42 am

savyonok wrote:
Some verbs:
чнтает (read)
гобарят (speak)
гюлает (make a trip, stroll)
скажьят (tell)
пюбнт (love)
1. читает - reading. Infinitive - читать
Let's start using infinitives of verbs first:
Я люблю читать. - I love to read.
2. говoрят - people say. Infinitive - говoрить
Он любит говорить. - He likes to talk.
3. гуляет - strolling. Infinitive - гулять
Я люблю гулять. - I like taking walks.
4. скажет/ут - Infinitive - сказать
Что ты хочешь сказать? - What do you want to say?
5. любить - to love
Хочу любить. - I want to love.

savyonok wrote:
I am having a hard time finding the letters on the keyboard Razz
Same here...Rolling Eyes...that's why I use this site to write in Russian: http://www.translit.ru/

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
savyonok
Elder
Elder


Number of posts: 1841
Age: 39
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 3:21 am

Quote :
У меня есть дом
What does 'У' stand for?
Back to top Go down
View user profile
savyonok
Elder
Elder


Number of posts: 1841
Age: 39
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 3:23 am

Quote :
what is тюда?
I meant 'there'..how you write it? there are two words like suda and tuda...
Back to top Go down
View user profile
savyonok
Elder
Elder


Number of posts: 1841
Age: 39
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 3:33 am

When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?

Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 4:20 am

savyonok wrote:
Quote :
У меня есть дом
What does 'У' stand for?
It's a preposition, that usually stands for by; with; about

у двери - at the door
у дома - next to the house
у Джона - at John's place
у меня дома - at my place
у меня - I have

Here: У меня есть дом...it's like I owe a house, something belongs to me...

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 4:27 am

savyonok wrote:
Quote :
what is тюда?
I meant 'there'..how you write it? there are two words like suda and tuda...
тyда - сюда

What did u mean to say when wrote: меня машина есть тюда Question beardscratch

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 5:04 am

savyonok wrote:
When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?
Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
моя is a possessive pronoun.
In Russian words мой (my), твой (familiar your), наш (our), ваш (polite your), свой are possessive pronouns. The possessive pronouns indicate that things belong to somebody or something else.

English possessive pronouns have two forms: my - mine, her - hers, your - yours. In Russian, there is only one form of possessive pronouns. For instance, both "my" and "mine" are always translated as мой.

мой дом (m) - my house
мой офисе (m) - my office
моя семья (f) - my family
моя машина (f) - my car
мое окно (n) - my window
мое письмо (n) - my letter

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
Owlet
Guardian
Guardian


Number of posts: 111025
Location: Sovyatnik
Registration date: 2006-04-06

PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Sun May 18, 2008 5:35 am

savyonok wrote:
When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?
Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
меня means me:
меня зовут actually means "people call me"
без меня - without me
для меня - for me
меня не любят - nobody loves me
у меня есть дом - I have a house (it belongs to me)
у меня есть машина - I have a car (it belongs to me)
у меня есть жена - I have a wife (she belongs to me)
but:
моя жена - my wife
моя машина - my car
мой дом - my house
мое окно - my window

_________________

Back to top Go down
View user profile
 

Learning Russian

View previous topic View next topic Back to top 
Page 1 of 2Go to page : 1, 2  Next

 Similar topics

-
» Learning Solos from Tab
» Russian and Uzbek
» Imperial Russian uniform plates
» English Subtitle Of Russian Lolita 2007
» (Loli)Russian 11Yo Lolita Hard Sex (16.42Min).mpg

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
Sovyatnik - The Owl's Nest ::  :: -