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Owlet
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Learning Russian Empty
PostSubject: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 3:42 pm

Noun Gender

There are three genders in Russian: masculine, feminine and neuter. You can usually determine the gender of a noun by its ending. Here are some basic rules, though exceptions exist:

Masculine:

WordEnding
домin a consonant
чайin
У меня есть дом. - I have a house.
Я пью чай. - I'm drinking tea.
Feminine:

WordEnding
машинаin -a
семья in
У меня есть машина - I have a car.
У меня есть семья - I have a family.
Neuter:

WordEnding
письмo in -o
платьe in -e
Я получил письмо. - I've got a letter.
У моей жены есть платье. - My wife has a dress.

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 5:04 pm

Number

English plurals end in -s. In Russian, there are more endings to make plurals. They are all summed up in the table:

Noun typeEnding for plural
Example
masculine ending in a hard consonantстол - столы
any nouns ending in , , двeрь - двери
masculine and feminine ending in -k, , -x, , , , ,нога - ноги
neuter ending in -o-aокно - окнa
neuter ending in -eмoре - моря
В комнате есть стол. - There is a table in a room.
В офисе стоят столы. - There are tables in an office.

В комнате есть дверь. - There is a door in a room.
Они открыли все двери. - They opened all the doors.
Одна нога. - One leg.
Две ноги. - Two legs.
В комнате есть окно. - There is a window in a room.
Они открыли все окнa. - They opened all the windows.
Я люблю море. - I love a sea.
Он знает все моря. - He knows all the seas.

Some nouns are always singular. These are nouns that designate substances (oxygen, copper), products (cheese, fish), a block of objects (furniture), some actions (hunting, clearing up), feelings (love, health), some vegetables and berries (potato, carrots).
You will have to know the genders and plurals, because they influence the use of adjectives and pronounces.

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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 5:20 pm

savyonok, let us know what nouns and verbs you know and we start sentence formation with them...Wink
You can also tell us genders of nouns you know...Razz pirat

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savyonok
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 9:26 pm

Okay, few queries..

есть - to be..right?

Are these sentences correct?
меня машина есть тюда.
ета меня семья.

Here are few nouns:
года - (year, fem.)
погода - (weather, fem.)
город - (city, mas.)
кино - (movie, neu.)
картошка - (potato, fem.)
кюрица - (chicken, fem.)
ромидор - (tomato, mas.)
малина - (raspberry, fem.)
неба - (sky, fem.)
бремья - (time, fem.)

Some verbs:
чнтает (read)
гобарят (speak)
гюлает (make a trip, stroll)
скажьят (tell)
пюбнт (love)

Please correct the spellings and meanings. I am having a hard time finding the letters on the keyboard Razz
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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 10:34 pm

savyonok wrote:
Okay, few queries..
есть - to be..right?
About есть - very useful word!!!
1. to eat - Я хочу есть. - I want to eat.
2. to have - У меня есть дом. - I have a house. У меня есть машина - I have a car.

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 10:42 pm

savyonok wrote:
Are these sentences correct?
меня машина есть тюда.
ета меня семья.
меня машина есть тюда - no, you cannot say like that...you can say: У меня есть машина - I have a car.
what is тюда??? there is no word like that...tell me what you meant...Wink
ета меня семья the correct one: Это моя семья. - this is my family.

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 10:55 pm

savyonok wrote:
Here are few nouns:
года - (year, fem.)
кюрица - (chicken, fem.)
ромидор - (tomato, mas.)
неба - (sky, fem.)
бремья - (time, fem.)
1. год - so it's gonna be a different gender...Wink
2. кyрица - correct spelling
3. помидор - u just used English p...hihi
4. небo - so it's gonna be a different gender now...Razz
5. время - correct spelling

бремя - there is a word like that...it means burden...Smile

All other nouns are correct...pirat Cool

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyFri May 16, 2008 11:42 pm

savyonok wrote:
Some verbs:
чнтает (read)
гобарят (speak)
гюлает (make a trip, stroll)
скажьят (tell)
пюбнт (love)
1. читает - reading. Infinitive - читать
Let's start using infinitives of verbs first:
Я люблю читать. - I love to read.
2. говoрят - people say. Infinitive - говoрить
Он любит говорить. - He likes to talk.
3. гуляет - strolling. Infinitive - гулять
Я люблю гулять. - I like taking walks.
4. скажет/ут - Infinitive - сказать
Что ты хочешь сказать? - What do you want to say?
5. любить - to love
Хочу любить. - I want to love.

savyonok wrote:
I am having a hard time finding the letters on the keyboard Razz
Same here...Rolling Eyes...that's why I use this site to write in Russian: http://www.translit.ru/

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savyonok
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 9:21 pm

Quote :
У меня есть дом
What does 'У' stand for?
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savyonok
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 9:23 pm

Quote :
what is тюда?
I meant 'there'..how you write it? there are two words like suda and tuda...
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savyonok
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 9:33 pm

When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?

Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 10:20 pm

savyonok wrote:
Quote :
У меня есть дом
What does 'У' stand for?
It's a preposition, that usually stands for by; with; about

у двери - at the door
у дома - next to the house
у Джона - at John's place
у меня дома - at my place
у меня - I have

Here: У меня есть дом...it's like I owe a house, something belongs to me...

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Owlet
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 10:27 pm

savyonok wrote:
Quote :
what is тюда?
I meant 'there'..how you write it? there are two words like suda and tuda...
тyда - сюда

What did u mean to say when wrote: меня машина есть тюда Question beardscratch

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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 11:04 pm

savyonok wrote:
When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?
Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
моя is a possessive pronoun.
In Russian words мой (my), твой (familiar your), наш (our), ваш (polite your), свой are possessive pronouns. The possessive pronouns indicate that things belong to somebody or something else.

English possessive pronouns have two forms: my - mine, her - hers, your - yours. In Russian, there is only one form of possessive pronouns. For instance, both "my" and "mine" are always translated as мой.

мой дом (m) - my house
мой офисе (m) - my office
моя семья (f) - my family
моя машина (f) - my car
мое окно (n) - my window
мое письмо (n) - my letter

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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptySat May 17, 2008 11:35 pm

savyonok wrote:
When to use 'моя' and 'меня'?
Like you say 'меня зовут' but 'моя семья'...
меня means me:
меня зовут actually means "people call me"
без меня - without me
для меня - for me
меня не любят - nobody loves me
у меня есть дом - I have a house (it belongs to me)
у меня есть машина - I have a car (it belongs to me)
у меня есть жена - I have a wife (she belongs to me)
but:
моя жена - my wife
моя машина - my car
мой дом - my house
мое окно - my window

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savyonok
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyMon May 19, 2008 2:20 am

Quote :
What did u mean to say when wrote: меня машина есть тюда
There is my car. Razz
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyTue Feb 28, 2012 12:03 pm

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PostSubject: Re: Learning Russian   Learning Russian EmptyMon Mar 05, 2012 1:39 pm

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